History

Timeline

 

Ca 300 BCE: The beginnings of early Jewish Classical Gnosticism

Ca 60 CE: The first Epistle of Paul describes the story of Jesus

Ca 100-160: Valentinus formulates a full and consistent Gnostic theology

380: Emperor Theodosius writes the “Edict of Thessalonica”, making the Roman (Nicene) church the only legal  religion.

300- 1300: Followers of the Persian Gnostic Mani (Manicheans) perpetuate an ascetic and dualistic branch of Gnosticism.

600-1300: Paulician movement in Armenia, the Bogomils of Bulgaria and the Cathars of Southern France perpetuate a neo-Manichean type of Gnosticism. All three movements were persecuted by the Catholic Church.

1600: The last Manichean temple is abandoned in China.

1700s: Martinez de Pasqually (1727?–1774) reveals a myth inspired by Gnosticism in his Reintegration of Beings, based upon an inherited spiritual tradition.

1773: The great Gnostic text “Pistis Sophia” is discovered.

1700 -: Gnosticism is perpetuated in esoteric orders (mainly Masonic orders).

1890: The revival of ecclesiastical Gnosticism is heralded in France by Jules Doinel.

1913: The Gnostic church receives apostolic succession as Jean Bricaud is consecrated bishop.

1916: Carl G. Jung writes Seven sermons to the dead, heralding a dual influence between Gnosticism and psychology which continues to grow within Gnostic tradition after it is abandoned in the psychological discipline.

1945: Local farmers find a sealed earthenware jar containing several Gnostic books at Nag Hammadi in Egypt.

1975: The material from Nag Hammadi is published.

1950: Several Gnostic churches characterised by apostolic succession and a simplified Catholic structure, arise and are reorganized. They are mainly based upon a Gnostic, Kabbalistic and Hermetic doctrinal blend.

1999: A new Gnostic discourse leads to the founding of EVA in 2003, and the description of a way of approaching Gnosticism that is in line with Hellenistic Gnosticism, published as “Manifesto of the Restoration Gnostics”.